Grit and mineral material from wastewater treatment plants or sewer and road cleaning is very variable and can either be more or less contaminated with organic particles or other foreign matter similar to domestic waste. Such contamination with in the heterogeneous mixture results in a relatively low dry residue content [DR], ranging between 40 % and 70 %, and in a relatively high loss on ignition [GV] in the range of 10-80 %. The purpose of a well performing grit treatment system is removal of grit up to 0.20 mm grain size and subsequent separation of the valuable recyclable grit and mineral fraction from the contamination material.
The end product of grit treatment should be regarded as a valuable product with a low loss on ignition (< 3 %) and a high DR (> 90 %). Grit treatment thus reduces both the disposal costs whilst providing a secondary raw material as a by product which can be reused and recycled.
As the composition of the polluted grit to be treated can vary greatly, depending on its source of production, the decision on which is the best suited treatment system is the deciding factor at the concept planning of a treatment plant.
Treatment of grit from wastewater treatment plants
If the grit to be treated is material from the grit trap of a wastewater treatment plant, the best worldwide proven solution is the HUBER Grit Washing Plant. The HUBER Grit Washing Plant ensures that the organics within the grit are washed out to such a degree that the treated grit has a loss on ignition of below 3 %, which allows low-cost grit disposal or direct reuse of the resultant grit.
Many countries meanwhile also have legislation in place that defines the requirements for washed grit. In practice however, not only the effective separation of organic and mineral material is decisive, but also the retention of fine grit. The HUBER Grit Washing Plant takes this fact into account.
Treatment of grit from sewers and road refuse
Grit from sewers or road pits or road refuse requires individually designed grit treatment systems. Depending on the system capacity, input material composition, requested material output, etc., the treatment technology has to be tailored to meet these specific requirements such as the following main process steps: acceptance tank, foreign matter separation, wash drum for preclassification, grit washing plant for separation of organic material.
If the external supply and treatment of the wash water required for grit treatment cannot be provided, an additional wash water treatment unit can be offered as an option for recycling of the water necessary.
On the basis of its wealth of worldwide experience in developing complete grit treatment systems, HUBER is able to provide a tailored concept for each individual grit treatment project.